Shooting Incidents, Police Shootings, Firearms, Ballistics.


Police Shootings
Crime Scenes
Reaction Time
Time & Motion Elements
Gunshot Wounds
Impact/Entry Angle
Gunshot Distance Analysis
Catastrophic failures
Shooting Reconstruction
Tool mark Identification
Firearms Testing
Involuntary/inadvertent discharge
Ballistics calculations
Trajectory & Drag Models
Velocity, Drop, Kinetic Energy
Hunting & Firearms Safety


Commander - State Police Ballistics.
Member - Firearms Review Board.
52+ years firearms.
35+ years forensic ballistics.
US Army Ordnance & Small Arms
Daubert/Frye Consultation.
Criminal, Civil, Appellate.
Capital Murder Consultation
Accidental/Involuntary Discharges.
Microscopic Tool marks Comparison.
Testified 300+ times.
Cases in over 45 U.S.states, Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Canada, Virgin Islands, Israel, Philippines, UK, Haiti, Pakistan


Criminal & Civil Cases
U.S. Attorney's Office
U.S. Military
Private Individuals
Insurance Companies
Innocence Projects
Citizen Groups
Elected Officials
Forensic Students


Shooting reconstruction, police shootings, firearms, ballistics, and toolmarks, are my primary fields of expertise.

As the advocate for the evidence, I will inform you of the strengths and weaknesses of the case in order for you to make educated decisions.

Conclusions will be based on the generally accepted methodology used in the scientific community.


I am privileged to be one of a handful of persons with combined experience in both forensic and criminal investigations with hands-on involvement in literally thousands of shooting incidents from septuple homicides to defective design of firearms including catastrophic failures.

50 total years in ballistics and firearms including 25 years in forensic shooting reconstruction and investigation including over 25 years with the Masssachusetts State Police where I was the Commanding Officer of the Ballistics Section and a member of the Firearms Review Board for evaluating officer involved shooting incidents.

Have investigated over 325 police involved shootings, and thousands of criminal and civil cases.

While the majority of cases are in the U.S., I have been involved in shooting investigations in Haiti, Israel, Afghanistan, Iraq, Canada, United Kingdom, U.S. Virgin Islands, Philippines, Nigeria, Pakistan,


The majority of shooting scenes are inadequately processed because general criminalists, technicians, or detectives simply do not possess the years of experience to interpret the complexities involved in gunshots. Their role is relegated to mapping and measuring, then collecting evidence that is submitted to overburdened examiners in the crime lab.

The interpretation of evidence at the scene is overlooked, evidence which should be present is not considered, intangible evidence and circumstances go unrecorded.

Later, lab examiners conduct tests having never been at the shooting scene and rely on what the investigator thinks should be analyzed. Even then, requested tests may be ignored or not conducted at all.

THE RESULT: Mistakes, wrong conclusions, failure to find the truth, inaccurate testimony.

Ballistics Evidence

The lack of evidence can be as important as the abundance of evidence in proving or disproving a set of facts or version of events.

Scientific Method

Use of generally accepted protocols and standards able to withstand a Daubert Challenge.

Quality Results

Nothing will be overlooked, no stone will be left unturned.