Police Shootings
Crime Scenes
Reaction Time
Time & Motion Elements
Gunshot Wounds
Impact/Entry Angle
Gunshot Distance Analysis
Catastrophic failures
Shooting Reconstruction
Tool mark Identification
Firearms Testing
Involuntary/inadvertent discharge
Ballistics calculations
Trajectory & Drag Models
Velocity, Drop, Kinetic Energy
Hunting & Firearms Safety


Commander - State Police Ballistics.
Member - Firearms Review Board.
52+ years firearms.
35+ years forensic ballistics.
US Army Ordnance & Small Arms
Daubert/Frye Consultation.
Criminal, Civil, Appellate.
Capital Murder Consultation
Accidental/Involuntary Discharges.
Microscopic Tool marks Comparison.
Testified 300+ times.
Cases in over 45 U.S.states, Iraq, Nigeria, Afghanistan, Canada, Virgin Islands, Israel, Philippines, UK, Haiti, Pakistan


Criminal & Civil Cases
U.S. Attorney's Office
U.S. Military
Private Individuals
Insurance Companies
Innocence Projects
Citizen Groups
Elected Officials
Forensic Students


● Shooting Reconstruction.

● Firearms & ammunition testing (firing, trigger pull, safeties, etc).

● Gunshot wounds and distance determination.

● Firearms struggles resulting in discharge.

● Determining the strength & weaknesses of each side in a case.

● Toolmarks: microscopic comparison of projectiles & cartridge cases.

● Velocity, kinetic energy, and trajectory calculations.

● Evaluating whether generally accepted methodologies have been utilized.

● Case review of police investigations of shooting incidents.

● Drag model analysis.

● Evaluation of the crime scene evidence processing.

● The effect of crime lab policies on the objectivity of examiners.

● Shootings resulting from unsafe hunting or firearms handling procedures.

● Appraise proposed hunting venues contiguous to residential areas.

● Firearms range safety rules and procedures.

● Discharged cartridge case ejection patterns.

● Expert testimony for trial, deposition, hearings.

● The Theory of Identification relating to toolmarks.

● Expert consultation for Daubert, depositions, trial.

● Training examiners and/or scientific presentations.

● Catastrophic failures.

● Involuntary/inadvertent firearms discharges.

Ballistics Evidence

The lack of evidence can be as important as the abundance of evidence in proving or disproving a set of facts or version of events.

Scientific Method

Use of generally accepted protocols and standards able to withstand a Daubert Challenge.

Quality Results

Nothing will be overlooked, no stone will be left unturned.